When you write a research paper without a conclusion, it becomes invalid and incomplete for readers. The best way the reader can understand the end and your opinion on the research is through a good conclusion.
One great thing that the research paper’s conclusion does is that, through your opinions given, it leaves the reader to find new ways and more means of solving that particular problem.
There are basic steps to take when you want to write a research paper conclusion, in this piece, we will take you through the best structure.
What is a Research Paper Conclusion?
A research paper’s conclusion is the ending part of the research. This part is the last but also a major part of the research paper. When you submit a study paper, the first three sections the reader will check are the abstract, the introduction, and the conclusion.
In the conclusion section, the topic is restated and the problem, arguments, and solution are pointed out too. It has to be logical I.e all the details in your research paper are valid and possible.
Types of Research Paper Conclusion
- Editorial Conclusion
- Summative Conclusion
- Externalizing Conclusion
- Reflective Conclusion
- Projective Conclusion
#1. Editorial Conclusion
An editorial has a unique conclusion of its own. The newspaper’s view on a study or topic is known as an editorial. The conclusion is a firm type of conclusion. The facts are stated with the source roots in the conclusion.
It can end with a rhetorical question or a solid quotation from a great source.
#2. Summative Conclusion
A summative conclusion is a type of conclusion that gives a round-off of all that has been said. It evaluates the possible outcome like what is going to happen at the end. It requires logic to picture an outline that is free of judgment.
With this kind of conclusion, the external opinion doesn’t count because the chapter has been closed by the conclusion. It majors on the key point in the piece and gives it a full stop.
#3. Externalizing Conclusion
This is a kind of conclusion that gives room to emphasize a point that was not taken care of in the main text. Some of the terms mentioned in the research paper are necessary but probably skipped or ignored in the main text, external conclusion will allow you to explain more about that term.
It presents a solution to the lasting argument in the text, the argument is finally wrapped up in the conclusion. This will help build up the topic from various perspectives.
#4. Reflective Conclusion
In a reflective conclusion, you will show the methodology and the great lessons you have learned during the research. In the course of your study, the knowledge you gained will have increased by more than 50% of what you knew before. Stating that in your conclusion will give the reader an insight into the whole text just your conclusion.
Reflect on what to state in your research paper from the abstract down to the last word in the body then wrap it with your conclusion, ensure not to miss out on the basic facts in the study too. Show them how your opinions and thoughts have changed after the research.
#5. Projective Conclusion
A projective conclusion tells us what will happen next. Not every research has an ending, some welcome new ideas, and solutions to the ongoing arguments in the text. This shows the future outcome of the research.
If you are doing a study on an invention that is to be launched in a few months, your conclusion will tell us what the invention will be in a few years to come, and the positive and negative effects that come with it too.
How To Write A Research Paper Conclusion
- Paraphrase the topic of the research
- Restate the theory briefly
- Give a quick summary of your main text
- Show methodology in a few lines
- Show the implication of the research
- State the result
- Wrap up with your opinion.
Below is an example of how to write a research paper conclusion
“If you are choosing a school to study oceanography then it must be one of the best in the world. I mean you don’t want to go spend years in a school trying to obtain a degree and still you don’t get the best out Of it.
Attending the best school for oceanography has a lot of benefits, so when searching ensure the school you are applying for has:
- Sound knowledge in the course
- Prestigious and renowned
- A research-friendly policy
- Drafts extracurricular activities
- Lots of equipment for practical
- Affordable tuition and work-study policy
Schools that have these listed above are rated the top best schools in the world. Also, attending the best oceanography school in the world opens you to lots of job opportunities and quick career growth.
Right in college, you can build your career path with the help of the school faculties and tutors, after graduation, employers seeing that you have a degree from a good school will be willing to offer you a job, and while working the good you have to offer the company speaks for you and pave more way in your career.”
This is a body of an article showing reasons why students attend oceanography schools, now applying the steps on writing a good conclusion, this is what you have below
“The study of the ocean helps to protect society from hazards and unforeseen situations. The weather forecasts and climate reports we get on a daily is all from the study of the ocean. Oceanography is 90% a blessing to the universe and it’s worth the 4- 6 years of study in the best schools in the world. Choose the best school for your dream course.”
This has summarized the main point and the future outcome and the researcher’s opinion about the study.
You may also check out How To Write A Research Paper Thesis Statement
Importance of Conclusion In Research
- It offers you an audience to share your thoughts on the research
- It shows the reader, the importance of the study.
- All the information gotten for the study is summarized in a few lines in the conclusion section.
- Opening your thoughts can open new ways of finding solutions to research problems.
- It gives clarity to the reader, it is very easy to understand the whole text with the conclusion paragraph.
Aside from the abstract, which tells us what the main text is, the conclusion also gives room for new ideas and future outcomes of the text. Not all research papers have their unique type of conclusion either reflective or editorial.
FAQs on How to Write Research Paper Conclusion
Restate your title, and be logical and very brief in drawing your conclusion, this is the best way to conclude a research paper abstract.
Answers to the questions and argument
Summary-Brief note on the full text
Significance- Tell the reader the importance of the research.
Openness to new ways of getting solutions in your opinion box.