When you write a research paper without a conclusion, it becomes invalid and incomplete for readers. The best way the reader can understand the end and your opinion on the research is through a good conclusion.
Besides, One great thing that the research paper’s conclusion does is that, through your opinions given, it leaves the reader to find new ways and more means of solving that particular problem.
However, There are basic steps to take when you want to write a research paper conclusion.
Therefore, in this piece, we will take you through what a research paper entails, the structure, and how to write a research paper conclusion.
What Is A Research Paper?
A research paper is a creative written piece that contains your opinion, methods, and conclusion on a particular topic you researched. It is sometimes called a journal and most times a thesis or academic paper.
During a study, every piece of information gotten and steps taken, even the mistakes made, are penned down and later edited and compiled into a small document and submitted after study. It is used for student projects, and thesis and even journalism values its work so much.
Types Of Research Paper
Below are some of the types of research paper.
- Survey Research Paper
- Experimental Research Paper
- Analytical Research Paper
- Persuasive Research Paper
- Interpretive Research Paper
#1. Survey Research Paper
A survey research paper deals with asking questions to get answers and results on a certain topic. Some studies don’t require experiments or the use of high-level technology to get the solution to the problem, a few questions here and there quantitatively can get you the answer you want.
Survey research is just like the one that is sent to you by a friend or formal personnel to help answer some questions, it’s like a form that doesn’t require your personal information, all that is required is your opinion on the topic under study. This makes work easier for the researcher, the answers with the majority take the win and the best solution is gotten by the highest pick on the survey research.
It is used in schools, companies, and even the government to get the public’s opinion on a study. If this is the survey method you wish to ensure the audience you reach out to are those that can give the best answers to what you need. After getting the survey questions back, sort out the needful and best options, write on them, and give your conclusion on your research.
#2. Experimental Research Paper
The experiment simply means practical or test. This type of research paper is compiled by experimenting before giving a report. Unlike the others that you report based on theory or what is belief, this is purely practical, seen with the eyes that it is real and true.
This is used mostly in chemistry, physics, and biology in school and sometimes computer science. For example, if the research is on osmosis, you have to go through the whole step in the lab, pen down how osmosis occurred, the challenges faced when experimenting, answers to questions asked, and your thoughts on osmosis as a topic.
It is also called analytical research because all the readers will hold at hand is based on your experiment. It is advised that you truthfully state if it was put to test or not, if not, it’s best to stick with another research paper else one will be penalized or the study nullified.
You may also check out How To Write A Research Paper Thesis Statement
#3. Analytical Research Paper
An analytical research paper is a type of research paper that allows you to reconstruct from your point of view. After the introduction of your topic, you state the problem, arguments, and then your insight on the topic.
The research must be done well to the point when you can be termed a professional in that topic, with enough knowledge you can now make your point of view count in the research paper. It is used for chronological events and experimental studies too.
#4. Persuasive Research Paper
To make your research paper one thing you can’t leave out is evidence, and proof showing that you did the research well. A persuasive research paper is written with the following steps.
- Choose a topic that you love so much
- Picture the perfect audience(your readers, research helps)
- Do thorough research on it and get your facts right on both ends of your argument
- Give a brief and catchy introduction
- State your main text with results objectives
- Draw your conclusion.
#5. Interpretive Research Paper
This is also known as the qualitative research paper. This makes all the methodology and information given in the research understandable to the reader.
Below is a perfect way of writing an interpretive Research Paper.
- Remember you want to make it clear for the reader in your terms, first give a simple introduction stating your topic
- Compile all the information get into the body in sub-topics and paragraphs
- List out likely questions to be asked, and give your answers
- Live space for the audience to give opinions too.
- You might read it out loud to see if it is understandable enough for the reader.
- Wrap up with a good conclusion.
Parts Of A Research Paper Format
This is an approved format of a research paper
- The cover page – Title&authors name
- The abstract – A brief on the whole study with not more than 300 words.
- Table of contents – List of all the sub-topics in the research paper
- Main text
What Is A Research Paper Conclusion?
A research paper’s conclusion is the ending part of the research. This part is the last but also a major part of the research paper. When you submit a study paper, the first three sections the reader will check are the abstract, the introduction, and the conclusion.
In the conclusion section, the topic is restated and the problem, arguments, and solution are pointed out too. It has to be logical I.e all the details in your research paper are valid and possible.
Types Of Research Paper Conclusion
Here are the types of research paper conclusion.
- Editorial Conclusion
- Summative Conclusion
- Externalizing Conclusion
- Reflective Conclusion
- Projective Conclusion
#1. Editorial Conclusion
An editorial has a unique conclusion of its own. The newspaper view on a study or topic is known as an editorial. The conclusion is a firm type of conclusion. The facts are stated with the source roots in the conclusion.
It can end with a rhetorical question or a solid quotation from a great source.
#2. Summative Conclusion
A summative conclusion is the type of conclusion that gives a round-off of all that has been said. It evaluates the possible outcome like what is going to happen at the end. It requires logic to picture an outline that is free of judgment.
With this kind of conclusion, the external opinion doesn’t count because the chapter has been closed by the conclusion. It majors on the key point in the piece and gives it a full stop.
#3. Externalizing Conclusion
This is a kind of conclusion that gives room to emphasize a point that was not taken care of in the main text. Some of the terms mentioned in the research paper are necessary but probably skipped or ignored in the main text, external conclusion will allow you to explain more about that term.
It presents a solution to the lasting argument in the text, the argument is finally wrapped up in the conclusion. This will help build up the topic from various perspectives.
#4. Reflective Conclusion
In a reflective conclusion, you will show the methodology and the great lessons you have learned during the research. In the course of study, the knowledge you gained will have increased by more than 50% of what you knew before. Stating that in your conclusion will give the reader an insight into the whole text just your conclusion.
Reflect on what to state in your research paper from the abstract down to the last word in the body then wrap it with your conclusion, ensure not to miss out on the basic facts in the study too. Show them how your opinions and thoughts have changed after the research.
#5. Projective Conclusion
A projective conclusion tells us what will happen next. Not every research has an ending, some welcome new ideas, and solutions to the ongoing arguments in the text. This shows the future outcome of the research.
If you are doing a study on an invention that is to be launched in a few months, your conclusion will tell us what the invention will be in a few years to come, and the positive and negative effects that come with it too.
How To Write A Research Paper Conclusion
The following are the steps to writing a research paper conclusion.
- Paraphrase the topic of the research
- Restate the theory briefly
- Give a quick summary of your main text
- Show methodology in a few lines
- Show the implication of the research
- State the result
- Wrap up with your opinion.
How To Write Conclusion For A Research Paper Example
Below is an example of how to write a research paper conclusion
“If you are choosing a school to study oceanography then it must be one of the best in the world. I mean you don’t want to go spend years in a school trying to obtain a degree and still you don’t get the best out Of it.
Attending the best school for oceanography has a lot of benefits, so when searching ensure the school you are applying for has:
- Sound knowledge in the course
- Prestigious and renowned
- A research-friendly policy
- Drafts extracurricular activities
- Lots of equipment for practical
- Affordable tuition and work-study policy
Schools that have these listed above are rated the top best schools in the world. Also, attending the best oceanography school in the world opens you to lots of job opportunities and quick career growth.
Right in college, you can build your career path with the help of the school faculties and tutors, after graduation, employers seeing that you have a degree from a good school will be willing to offer you a job, and while working the good you have to offer the company speaks for you and pave more way in your career.”
This is a body of an article showing reasons why students attend oceanography schools, now applying the steps on writing a good conclusion, this is what you have below
“The study of the ocean helps to protect society from hazards and unforeseen situations. The weather forecasts and climate reports we get on a daily is all from the study of the ocean. Oceanography is 90% a blessing to the universe and it’s worth the 4- 6 years of study in the best schools in the world. Choose the best school for your dream course.”
This has summarized the main point and the future outcome and the researcher’s opinion about the study.
Importance Of Conclusion In Research
Below are some of the importance of writing conclusion in a research paper.
- It offers you an audience to share your thoughts on the research
- It shows the reader, the importance of the study.
- All the information gotten for the study is summarized in a few lines in the conclusion section.
- Opening your thoughts can open new ways of finding solutions to research problems.
- It gives clarity to the reader, it is very easy to understand the whole text with the conclusion paragraph.
Aside from the abstract, which tells us what the main text is, the conclusion also gives room for new ideas and future outcomes of the text. Not all research papers have their unique type of conclusion either reflective or editorial.
FAQs On How To Write Research Paper Conclusion
Restate your title, and be logical and very brief in drawing your conclusion, this is the best way to conclude a research paper abstract.
Answers to the questions and argument
Summary-Brief note on the full text
Significance- Tell the reader the importance of the research.
Openness to new ways of getting solutions in your opinion box.
- paperwork.com – What is the research paper’s conclusion
- VIEW.com – How to write a research paper conclusion
- infomake.com – Types of research paper